M - N - O - P Terms
Malignant - Definition of Malignant Breast Disease
A malignant breast tumor is life threatening and must be surgically removed, and examined by a pathologist, in order to get a conclusive diagnosis.
Mammogram - Definition of Mammogram for Breast Cancer Screening
A mammogram is a diagnostic screening, an important part of early detection. It is not a treatment tool, but is a non-invasive way to look inside the breast tissue.
Mastalgia - Medical Definition
Mastalgia is a very common breast complaint. Many women see their doctor when they feel mastalgia. Learn the meaning of mastalgia here.
Mastectomy - Definition of Mastectomy for Treatment of Breast Cancer
A mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which most or all of the breast tissue is removed, in order to treat breast cancer, and to help prevent recurrence.
Metastasize - Definition of Breast Cancer Metastasis
When breast cancer spreads through the blood or lymph systems to other parts of the body, it has metastasized.
Micrometastasis is a small collection of cancer cells that have been shed from the original tumor and spread to another part of the body. Read more to understand how this affects diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.
Microsurgery – Definition of Microsurgery
Microsurgery is surgery that is performed under a microscope with specially designed instruments. It is used to perform critical parts of tissue flap breast reconstruction.
Midclavicular Catheter Definition
Midclavicular catheters look similar to PICC lines and midline catheters, but they are not quite the same. Learn how the midclavicular catheter got its name and how it is used. Here is the definition of the midclavicular catheter.
MRI - Definition of MRI for Breast Cancer Screening
MRI stands for "magnetic resonance imaging."
mTOR - Medical Definition of MTOR
mTOR is important in the regulation of cell growth. When mTOR gets out of control, cells multiply too quickly, resulting in cancer. Learn more about mTOR here.
Neutropenia - A Side Effect of Treatment for Breast Cancer
Neutropenia is a result of treatment for breast cancer, and indicates a low level of neutrophils, which is the type of white blood cell that fights infection.
Neutrophil - Type of White Blood Cell (WBC) - Breast Cancer Treatment
A neutrophil is a type of white blood cell (WBC). Neutrophils are an important part of your immune system.
No Evidence of Disease (NED)
No Evidence of Disease (NED) and remission are terms that may be used about breast cancer. Learn more about no evidence of disease and breast cancer remission here.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are touted as an almost magic cure-all, and sold as supplements, and oils. Omega-3 fatty acids occur in fish, nuts and vegetables. But do they fight cancer? Learn more about Omega-3 fatty acids here.
Omega-6 Fatty Acids
Omega 6 fatty acids are essential to your health, and are present in many foods. But what happens if your omega-3s are unbalanced with too much omega-6s? Learn more about omega 6 fatty acids here.
Palpate – Definition of Palpate, Palpation
Palpation is a medical examination technique.
Pathology Definition - Definition of Pathology - Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Pathology is the science of studying the nature of disease, with attention to its causes, processes, development, and consequences.
Peripheral neuropathy can be a side effect of chemotherapy. CIPN is Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy. Learn the definition of peripheral neuropathy here.
PET Scan - Definition of PET Scan for Breast Cancer Screening
PET scan stands for "positron emission tomography"
Phenols – Medical Definition of Phenols
Phenols are slightly acidic, aromatic compounds found in some essential oils of plants that have powerful antiseptic and antibacterial properties. Learn more about phenols here.
Phytosterols are found in specific plants, and have great health benefits. Learn more about phytosterols.
Phytoestrogen Medical Definition
Phytoestrogens can be found in many foods. Phytoestrogen may have anticancer properties. Learn the medical definition of phytoestrogen here.
PICC Line Definition
A PICC line is a device that can used in the treatment of breast cancer. PICC lines are similar to subcutaneous ports in their function. Learn the definition of PICC line here.
Pink Fatigue Definition
Pink fatigue is a condition that can occur anytime to anybody. Pink fatigue is not fatal, but should be avoided. Learn the definition of pink fatigue here.
Platelets Definition - Definition of Platelets - Breast Cancer Treatment
Platelets are very small fragments of cells. Their main function is to prevent bleeding. Platelets assist in creating blood clots.
Portacath for Chemotherapy Definition
A portacath, or port, is used during infusion treatments such as chemotherapy. Portacaths come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Portacaths help protect your veins during chemotherapy. Learn the definition of portacath or chemotherapy port here.
Progesterone - Medical Definition of Progesterone
Progesterone is an important hormone that plays a role in your menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and breast cancer. Learn more about progesterone here.
Prophylactic Mastectomy Definition
A prophylactic mastectomy may be done to reduce the risk of breast cancer. A prophylactic mastectomy may also be called a preventive mastectomy. Learn the definition of a prophylactic mastectomy here.